Female Infertility
Female Infertility

According to Ayurveda Uterus comprises of three functional layers :
Prathamavarta or the first layer consists of Vulva. Dwitiyaavarta or Second layer comprises of Vagina, cervical canal, cervix. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and endometrium forms the innermost third layer or Tritiyaavarta, any abnormality in these functional layers results in gynecological problems. The root cause of Female Infertility can be either structural or functional anomaly or both.

“ Na hi vatat rute yoni narinam sampradushyati ”

This explains that uterus and its tissues has the predominance of Apan vayu and its functions are also regulated by the same, hence any imbalance in Apan vayu results in uterine disorders and ultimately is the cause for infertility.

Vaginal discharge and infection:

In many cases, women ignore abnormal or heavy vaginal discharge, and are completely unaware that the appearance of even small amount of discharge, whether regular or sporadic, is an alarming development. It could lead to back ache, pain in legs, weakness and fatigue. Ayurvedic physicians call this condition Som roag (Som means elixir, Rog means disease). In such cases, the women loses shukra and other vital dhatus important for “life”(i.e. which are equivalent to an elixir), in the form of vaginal discharge. This causes the uterus to become weak there by making it difficult for the woman to conceive.


Position and patency of cervix and the cervical canal plays an important role in conception. The narrow cervical opening causes hindrance in sexual intercourse and thus becomes a cause for infertility. Anteverted or retroverted uterus prevents sperms to reach the uterus.

Anovulatory Cycle:

Anovulation (a menstrual cycle without the release of an egg from ovary) is yet another cause of infertility. Again, because of hormonal imbalances, many women have anovulatory cycles, even though the menstrual cycles themselves may be regular. The absence of an ovum obviously leads to infertility.

Blocked fallopian tubes:

More and more causes of infertility today lie in inappropriate food and life style habits because they tend to increase Vata dosha. Vata imbalance in turn leads to obstruction of the fallopian tubes. Here, in spite of ovulation, there is no possibility of conception, since the sperm cannot reach the ovum to fertilize it. Several issues like tuberculosis, chronic blood loss, deficiency in rakta dhatu, and even frequent miscarriage are some of the other reasons for Vata imbalance. In some cases, subtle or dormant vaginal infections may travel upwards and effect the fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Polycystic ovary Syndrome:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition marked by many small cysts in your ovaries, irregular periods and high levels of certain hormones. According to Ayurveda, PCOS can be caused due to an imbalance of any of the three doshas (Ayurvedic humors), the prime ones being Pitta and Kapha. Aggravated Pitta causes contamination of the dhatus (tissues) like rasa (nutrient plasma) and rakta (blood). This further causes accumulation of ama (toxins) in the weaker channels of the body.

In the case of PCOS patients, these toxins get accumulated in the manovahi strotas (channels of the mind), leading to an imbalance of hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. This condition results in imbalance of female hormones and increase in Kapha, which causes formation of ovarian cysts (collection of fluids within an ovary), anovulatory periods (no ovulation) and other symptoms. PCOS contributes to problems with fertility in some women.

Uterine Fibroid:

Further causes of infertility are localized growths in the uterus, known as arbuda in Ayurveda. This term refers to a superfluous growth anywhere in the body due to the imbalance of a dosha. Such growths in the uterus are called fibroids. They are mainly caused by vata imbalance , which could then influence either pitta or kapha doshas. If the fibroid is large, it will obstruct conception and implantation; if small it could be the cause of frequent miscarriage. It can lead to pre-term or premature delivery, and if the pregnancy goes to full term, it is possible that the child will be born handicapped or diseased.

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