What Is a Varicocele?

The scrotum is a skin-covered sac that holds your testicles. It also contains the arteries and veins that deliver blood to the reproductive glands. A vein abnormality in the scrotum may result in a varicocele. A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum. These veins are called the pampiniform plexus.

A varicocele only occurs in the scrotum and is very similar to varicose veins that can occur in the leg. A varicocele can result in decreased sperm production and quality, which in some cases can lead to infertility. It can also shrink the testicles.

  • Approximately 10 percent of all men have varicoceles.
  • Among infertile couples, 30 percent of men have varicoceles.
  • The highest occurrence of varicoceles is in men ages 15–35.

What Causes a Varicocele to Develop?

A spermatic cord holds up each testicle. The cords also contain the veins, arteries, and nerves that support these glands. In healthy veins inside the scrotum, one-way valves move the blood from the testicles to the scrotum, and then they send it back to the heart. Sometimes the blood doesn’t move through the veins like it should and begins to pool in the vein, causing it to enlarge.

There are no established risk factors for developing a varicocele, and the exact cause is unclear.

Recognizing the Symptoms of a Varicocele

You may have no symptoms associated with a varicocele. However, you might experience :

  • A lump in one of your testicles
  • Swelling in your scrotum
  • Visibly enlarged or twisted veins in your scrotum, which are often described as looking like a bag of worms
  • A dull, recurring pain in your scrotum
  • Fertility problems : There is an association between varicoceles and infertility. Decreased sperm count, decreased motility of sperm and an increase in the number of deformed sperm are related to varicoceles. Some experts believe these blocked and enlarged veins around the testes cause infertility by raising the temperature in the scrotum and decreasing sperm production.
  • Testicular atrophy : The shrinking of the testicles is another sign of varicoceles. Often, once the testicle is repaired, it will return to normal size.
Is treatment necessary for varicoele?

In most cases, varicocele goes undetected. This is because the condition is often painless and no symptoms are visible. However, definite links have been established between this condition and male infertility.

You should go for treatment of varicocele in case of the following conditions :

  • If you are feeling a pain or heaviness in the scrotum. Such pain manifests itself like a dull aches and intensifies while sitting, standing and physical activity.
  • If you are having problems of fertility. Varicocele affects sperm count and may also cause the production of greater proportion of defective sperms.
  • If you are feeling hot in the groin or one testicle is shrinking (testicular atrophy).
Varicocele Natural Treatment :

Eat Right

The first and most effective varicocele natural treatment is to modify your diet. The main goal here is to eat as healthy as you can, to prevent improper blood flow in the body. Furthermore, eating the right foods will help strengthen your veins, which will prevent swelling. Avoid foods that are fattening and high in bad cholesterol. Instead, take in a lot of vegetables, fruits, and foods high in fatty acids like nuts and seafood. Plaque is one of the major causes of vein blocking, and this is acquired through improper and unhealthy diet. You can definitely avoid this by eating right and eating healthy.

Hydrate Your Body

Drink at least 8 glasses of water each day, because doing this will help your body replenish the lost water, remove unwanted toxins in the body, and improved blood circulation as well.

Improve Your Lifestyle

If you can stay away from drinking too much alcohol, caffeine, and smoking, this will help you strengthen the walls of your veins in the body (including the one in the scrotum area), and improve the blood flow in your body.


Exercising regularly is also one of the best things that you can do, in order to have a regular blood flow in your body. Your exercise does not need to be heavy and complicated. Actually, a simple 20-minute breeze walking outside is already good enough to pump up your system, burn fat, and have a steady and ideal blood flow.

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